Let’s start with one basic example of cardio surgery Bypass Surgery. Whenever any Bypass surgery is performed, the procedure of operation is very complex. Your surgeon starts by making an incision in the middle of your chest. Your rib cage is then spread apart to expose your heart. You are then hooked up to a cardiopulmonary bypass machine and after the surgery is performed you’ll be stitched up and bandaged.
The whole procedure of this type of surgery has a very deep physical as well as mental impact so we come up with Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation. It is a process by which patients who suffered any cardiac event are helped to maintain optimal physical and psychosocial health. Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation programs help you rebuild your strength and endurance gradually and safely. We not only help you return to energetic life but also facilitate the tools that enable you to stay that way.
Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation is done for a plethora of situations. Some of these include Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), smoker’s lungs, Chronic OBSTRUCTIVE Pulmonary Disorders (COPD), CORD, Cystic fibrosis, bronchitis.
CABG (CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING):
CABG is used to treat people who have a severe coronary heart disease called CHD. CHD is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque starts buildings up inside the coronary arteries and gets harden with time. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart, but because of the formation of these harden plaques, coronary arteries become narrower and reduces the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This can cause chest pain or discomfort called angina and sometimes blood clotting because of any ruptures in plaque leads to Heart Attack.
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of surgery that improves blood flow to the heart. CABG may work better than other types of treatment
COPD (CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISORDER):
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. It’s caused by long-term exposure to irritating gases or particulate matter, most often from cigarette smoke. People with COPD are at increased risk of developing heart disease, lung cancer and a variety of other conditions.
- Chest tightness
- Shortness of breath, especially during physical activities
- Having to clear your throat first thing in the morning, due to excess mucus in your lungs
- A chronic cough
- Blueness of the
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Lack of energy
- Unintended weight loss (in later stages)
- Swelling in ankles, feet or legs
BRONCHITIS AND FIBROSIS:
Bronchitis is an infection or inflammation of the main airways of the lungs (bronchi), causing them to become irritated and inflamed WHEREAS fibrosis can be defined as scarring of the lungs without any known cause. It mostly affects middle-aged and older adults.
- Production of mucus
- Breath shortness
- Slight fever and chills
- Aching muscles and joints.
- Widening and rounding of the tips of the fingers or toes
With smoking, the blood vessels of feet and hands become very narrow due to which the blood supply is compromised. The compromised blood supply in smokers leads to one very common condition called as Raynaud’s disease, or Raynaud’s phenomenon, which is a form of vasculitis in which the arteries of the fingers or toes suddenly narrow in response to cold, causing the digits to turn white, blue and then red. Even mild cold exposure can cause this painful reaction. Raynaud’s disease refers to vasospasm — severe, temporary narrowing of the arteries that occurs in response to cold or stress in the absence of any other medical condition.
The smokers are also at higher risk of developing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) as the blood vessels are compromised, and the muscles are weak.
Smokers have higher tendencies of developing back pain and prolapsed intervertebral disc (PIVD) or in simple language slip disc. The disc is made up of gelatinous substance (jelly-like) which acts as a shock absorber to the spine. Excessive cigarette smoking leads to drying of this substance and higher risks of developing back problems.
How Physiotherapy Helps In Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation:
- Strengthen your heart and lungs
- Reduces the chances of cardiac arrest
- Manage shortness of breath
- Control your weight
- Develop stress reduction skills
Apart from basic CARDIO PULMONARY REHABILITATION, Dr. Sonal Kapoor Physiotherapy Clinic provides other treatments as well.